نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، واحد گرمسار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، گرمسار، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران.

10.22055/edus.2023.45099.3525

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به منظور ارائه مدل و بررسی وضعیت موجود نفوذ رهبری اخلاقی در مدارس متوسطه دوم استان سمنان انجام گرفت. این پژوهش کاربردی و از نوع آمیخته اکتشافی است. در بخش کیفی با استفاده از روش پژوهش تحلیل مضمون مؤلفه‌های نفوذ رهبری اخلاقی مشخص گردید. مشارکت‌کنندگان در بخش کیفی شامل 14 نفر مدیران مدارس متوسطه بودند که به صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند. روش پژوهش در قسمت کمی، توصیفی و از نوع پیمایشی بود. مشارکت‌کنندگان در این بخش کلیه معاونین آموزشی دوره دوم متوسطه استان سمنان بودند که به تعداد 106 نفر بر اساس نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند. با استفاده از آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای وضعیت موجود نفوذ رهبری اخلاقی در مدارس متوسطه بررسی شد. ابزار مورد استفاده در قسمت کیفی مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته و در قسمت کمی، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل در بخش کیقی احصای مضامین ارزیابی (دانشی، ارزشی، عاطفی، روان‌شناسی، خودشناسی)، توسعه (رشد درونی، تخیلی، انتقال ارزشها، انگیزشی، بین فردی، جو و فرهنگ، رشداخلاقی، شکوفایی، صدا، خودتنظیمی، فرانقشی، فضیلت اخلاقی، کیفیتی، مدلسازی نقش، موقعیت شناسی) و پشتیبانی (آزادی اخلاقی، تصمیم‌گیری اخلاقی، حمایت اخلاقی، زندگی اخلاقی، شجاعت، شفافیت اخلاقی، معنویت اخلاقی، هوش اخلاقی، بهبود مستمر) بود. در بخش کمی با توجه به نتایج می‌توان گفت که فقط بخش ارزیابی نفوذ رهبری اخلاقی در بین مدیران مدارس متوسطه در وضعیت مطلوب بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a Model and Examining the Current Situation of Influence of Ethical Leadership of Principals of Secondary Schools in Semnan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • malihe adibi 1
  • maryam afzalkhani 2
  • hamid shafizadeh 2

1 Department of Educational Administration , Faculty of Humanities, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran.

2 Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Humanities, Garmsar Azad University, Garmsar, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Introduction
Adherence of secondary school principals to the characteristics of ethical leadership is not only in the way of managing the most important social institution on students, teachers and families and finally the thinking style and way of managing the society, but it will be very useful in improving it.
 
Method
The statistical population in the qualitative section includes 14 secondary school principals who were selected purposefully, and in the quantitative section, it includes all secondary secondary education assistants in Semnan province, 106 of whom were selected by simple random sampling. The tool was a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part and a researcher-made questionnaire in the quantitative part. Its validity was confirmed by educational management experts and its reliability was determined using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. To analyze the data in the qualitative part, thematic analysis method was used to create a pattern, and in the quantitative part, the one-sample t-test was used to measure the current situation.
 
Results
After determining the model with basic, organizing and comprehensive themes, a total of 131 basic themes, 29 organizing themes and 3 inclusive themes have been selected, categorized and extracted. The main overarching themes include three categories: evaluation, development and support. Finally, the current situation was analyzed with the calculated model.
 
Discussion
The results of this research in the evaluation of the existing situation showed that the effect of ethical leadership, which is organized with value, knowledge, emotional, psychological and self-knowledge components of the leader and manager of the group, is optimal. In the development department of the current situation, the components of internal growth, imagination, moral virtue, quality, modeling, situationism are at an unfavorable level from the point of view of the vice-chancellor of education, and the transfer of moral, motivational, interpersonal, atmosphere and culture values, moral growth, prosperity, Correct behavior, self-regulation, trans-role is done in a favorable situation and also in the part of supporting the components of moral freedom, moral decision-making, moral life, moral. Courage, moral intelligence and continuous improvement at an unfavorable level and transfer of moral values, motivation, interpersonal, atmosphere and culture, moral development, flourishing, healthy behavior, self-regulation, trans-role are done in a favorable situation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ethical leadership
  • influence of ethical leadership
  • model
  • current situation
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