ساخت روبریک برای ارزشیابی سنجش کلاسی عادلانه در دانشگاه تهران: مطالعه به روش آمیخته اکتشافی

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم‌تربیتی؛ دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

5 استادیار، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

10.22055/edus.2022.38188.3261

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش ساخت روبریکی برای ارزشیابی عدالت در سنجش کلاسی بود. بدین‌‌منظور مبتنی بر روش پژوهش آمیخته اکتشافی دو مطالعه به انجام رسید که در مطالعه اول با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از نوع ملاکی 39 مصاحبه فردی با مطلعان کلیدی شامل اعضای هیأت علمی و دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه تهران، یک مصاحبه گروهی و یک مصاحبه گروه کانونی انجام شد و در مطالعه دوم، از میان دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران تعداد 511 نفر از طریق نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای سه‌مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. تحلیل داده‌های کیفی به شناسایی مدلی مفهومی شامل چهار مضمون اصلی «عدالت رویه ای»، «عدالت تعاملی»، «ماهیت سنجش» و «عدالت در آزمون کتبی» مبنای تدوین ملاک ها و ساخت روبریک انجامید. در مطالعه دوم، ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی روبریک با استفاده از روایی محتوایی، تحلیل گویه ها، روایی سازه و تعیین پایایی بررسی شد. روایی محتوایی هر یک از ملاک ها بالاتر از مقدار معیار 0/78 و روایی مقیاس کلی 94/0به دست‌آمد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان دهنده استخراج سه عامل عدالت‌ رویه ای، ماهیت سنجش و عدالت تعاملی بود که در مجموع 57/08 کل واریانس متغیرها را تبیین می کردند. نتایج تحلیل عاملی به همراه بررسی ضرایب تمیز و دشواری گویه‌ها منجر به حذف سه ملاک ضعیف شد و روبریک با 17 ملاک نهایی گردید. آلفای کرونباح محاسبه‌شده برای عدالت رویه‌ای، ماهیت سنجش و عدالت تعاملی به‌ترتیب 0/87، 0/84و 0/79به دست آمد. همچنین ضریب بازآزمایی برای آن ها در حد مطلوب و به ترتیب 0/65، 0/63و 0/54محاسبه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construction of a rubric to evaluate fair classroom assessment at the university of Tehran: An exploratory mixed method study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Baniasadi 1
  • Keyvan Salehi 2
  • Ebrahim Khodaie 3
  • khosrow bagheri 4
  • Balal izanloo 5
1 Ph.D. student, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant professor, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate professor, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran,, Tehran, Iran,
5 Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Fairness is an important quality of classroom assessment as a continuous process that affects learners' beliefs, mentality, motivation, satisfaction, and performance. The main purpose of this study was to construct a rubric for evaluating fairness in classroom assessment.
Method
For this purpose, based on an exploratory sequential mixed methods design, two studies were conducted. In the first study, using purposive sampling of the criterion type, 39 individual interviews with key informants including faculty members and graduate students of the University of Tehran, a group interview and a Focus group interview was conducted and in the second study, 511 students from the University of Tehran were selected through three-stage cluster sampling. Qualitative data analysis led to the identification of a conceptual model including the four main themes of "procedural fairness", "interactional fairness", "nature of assessment" and "fairness in the paper-pencil test" as the basis for the development of criteria and making Rubric. In the second study, the psychometric properties of Rubric were investigated using content validity, item analysis, construct validity and reliability determination.
Results
The content validity of each criterion was higher than the standard value of 0.78 and the validity of the overall scale was 0.94. The results of exploratory factor analysis showed the extraction of three factors of procedural fairness, the nature of measurement and interactional fairness, which explained 57.08% of the total variance of variables. The results of factor analysis along with the study of discrimination and difficulty coefficients of items led to the elimination of three weak criteria and the final rubric was compiled with 17 criteria. The calculated Cronbach's alpha for procedural fairness, the nature of assessment and interactional fairness were 0.87, 0.84 and 0.79, respectively. Also, the retest coefficient for them was calculated at the desired level and 0.65, 0.63 and 0.54, respectively.
Discussion
According to the desirable psychometric properties of the rubric, this rubric can help to increase the literacy of professors, increase the quality of teaching and assessment and strengthen the civic and educational behaviors of students by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of professors in the field of fairness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rubric,
  • Exploratory Mixed Method, Classroom Assessment
  • Assessing Student Performance, Fair assessment
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