الگوی گزینش رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها در دانشگاه‌های منتخب جهان با رویکرد متن‌کاوی

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استاد، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف تدوین الگوی معیارهای گزینش رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها در دانشگاه‌های منتخب جهان انجام شد. پژوهش از لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از نظر رویکرد، کیفی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را متن اسناد، آیین‌نامه‌ها، دستورالعمل‌ها، کتب و مقالات در دسترس در شانزده کشور جهان از قاره‌های مختلف مرتبط بودند شامل می‌شد و نمونه آماری برابر با جامعه بود. برای بررسی روایی پژوهش، از روایی محتوایی و بمنظور بررسی پایایی از روش گروه همتایان بهره گرفته شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی تجزیه و تحلیل شد. پس از کدگذاری داده‌های حاصل، مفاهیم، مقوله‌های محوری(ابعاد یا سازه‌ها) و مؤلفه‌ها(شایستگی‌های محوری) شناسایی شدند. نتایج نشان داد که از بین 144 کد استخراج شده، به ترتیب معیار انتخاب تعاملی(12)، مدیریت ارتباطات(9)، تجربه مدیریت(8)، تجربه مدیریت دانشگاهی(7)، توانمندی علمی(7)، نوآوری(6)، مدیریت مالی(6)، مشارکت(5) و تعهد سازمانی(5) بیشترین اهمیت را دارا هستند و در انتخاب رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها در سطح دانشگاه‌های مورد مطالعه در جهان نقش بسزایی داشته‌اند. با استفاده از نتایج، مدل جامعی بمنظور گزینش رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها تدوین گردید که حاصل آن طبقه بندی سه دسته ویژگی اصلی فردی، سازمانی و مدیریتی بود. طبقه فردی شامل ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و علمی؛ طبقه سازمانی شامل ویژگی‌های عمومی سازمانی، فرآیند گزینش و ملی‌گرایی و طبقه مدیریتی شامل مهارت‌های مدیریتی، مشارکت و تجربه و تخصص بود. با توجه به اینکه داده های بدست آمده حاصل از یک پژوهش داده بنیاد بود، نتایج حاصل می‌تواند معیارهای قابل‌توجهی را در زمان گزینش رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها در فرآیندهای جذب و گزینش آن‌ها ارائه نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The model of university presidents selection in selected universities of the world with a text analysis approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • amin parvari 1
  • seyed ali siadat 2
  • seyed hamidreza shavaran 3
1 Ph.D. Student, University of Esfahan, Esfahan, Iran.
2 Professor, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
The aim of this study was to develop a model of selection criteria for university presidents in selected universities around the world.

Method
The research was applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of approach. The statistical population of the study included documents, regulations, instructions, books, and available articles about selection of university presidents in sixteen countries from different continents. The statistical sample was the same as the community. Content - validity method and peer – group method were used to evaluate the validity of the research and the reliability, respectively. Data were analyzed using Qualitative content analysis method. After encoding the resulting data, concepts, core categories (dimensions or structures), and components (core competencies) were identified.
Results
The results showed that among the 144 codes extracted, interactive selection criteria (12), communication management (9), management experience (8), academic management experience (7), scientific competence (7), innovation (6), Financial management (6), partnership (5) and organizational commitment (5) are the most important and have played a significant role in the selection of university presidents at the level of the studied universities in the world. Using the results, a comprehensive model was developed for the selection of university presidents, which resulted in the classification of three main categories of individual, organizational and managerial characteristics. Individual class includes personality and scientific characteristics; The organizational class included general organizational characteristics, the selection process and nationalism, and the managerial class included managerial skills, participation, experience, and expertise.

Discussion
Given that the data obtained from a research was a Qualitative based, the results can provide significant criteria when selecting university presidents in the recruitment and selection processes. According to the obtained results, it is suggested that a comprehensive model for the selection of university deans worldwide be developed by leading organizations in this field so that universities can follow this comprehensive model to select the desired president of their university.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • selection criteria
  • university president
  • model
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