طراحی الگو و ابزار سنجش سوادمالی مدیران مدارس ابتدایی: نظریه داده بنیاد

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش طراحی الگو و ابزاری برای سنجش سوادمالی مدیران مدارس ابتدایی است. این پژوهش از نوع پژوهش‌های کیفی است؛ و روش نظریۀ داده بنیاد در این پژوهش ملاک عمل واقع‌شده است. جامعۀ آماری شامل افراد متخصص و صاحب‌نظر در زمینه اقتصاد آموزش، مدیران مدارس دولتی و خصوصی می باشدکه 10 نفر از این جامعه با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و به‌کارگیری معیار اشباع نظری، برای پاسخگویی به مصاحبه‌هایی نیمه ساختاریافته‌ی پژوهش، انتخاب‌شده‌اند. برای به دست آوردن اعتبار و روایی داده‌ها از دو روش بازبینی مشارکت‌کنندگان و مرور خبرگان ‌شرکت‌کننده در پژوهش استفاده‌شده است. نتایج تحلیل داده‌ها در طی سه مرحلۀ کد‌گذاری (باز، محوری و انتخابی) حاکی از 23 مقوله کلی است که در چارچوب الگوی پارادایمی Corbin & Strauss(2008) طراحی گردیده است و برمبنای مقوله‌های فوق ابزار سنجش سوادمالی مدیران مدارس در سه حیطه سوادمالی تخصصی، عمومی و عملکرد و پیامدهای سوادمالی مدیران مدارس تدوین‌شده است. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش پیشنهاد می‌شود که مدیران مناطق آموزش‌وپرورش و مؤسسان مدارس در انتصاب و گزینش مدیران، سوادمالی را لحاظ کنند و از ابزار این پژوهش برای سنجش سوادمالی مدیران مدارس استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a model and tool for measuring the literacy of primary school principals: Grounded theory

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samad Borzoian Shirvan 1
  • afshin norouzi elmi 2
  • Morteza Taheri 3
1 Assistant Professor, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Master of Educational Management, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran. Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction:
Economic challenges (recession, inflation, etc.) always affect the quality and quantity of education and on the other hand, the quality of any educational system depends on the quality of the administrators of that system. School principals should be able to meet the challenges of their school. Also, improve the quality of education in their schools. Financial literacy is a tool that can be a powerful arm of school principals in solving school financial challenges. The purpose of this study is to provide a model and tool for measuring the financial literacy of primary school principals.
Method:
The method used in this research is Grounded theory. Using purposive sampling method, 8 university professors in the field of education economics and 2 school principals were selected. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews. Then the data were coded by the three-step method in Grounded theory.
Results:
Finally, principals 'financial literacy was explained and the causal factors, contexts, strategies, intervention factors and consequences of school principals' financial literacy were identified. Then, according to the identified factors, the model and form of measuring the financial literacy of school principals was presented.
Discussion:
School principals must have a set of competencies and skills to maintain the quality and improve the conditions of the school under their management. Financial literacy is one of these competencies that empowers principals in solving the financial challenges of schools. Assessing and determining the current situation School principals' financial literacy needs a model and tools. School principals' financial literacy assessment model explains the various dimensions and angles of school principals' financial literacy. Educators and founders of private schools. Policymakers and decision-makers in the education system should pay special attention to the financial literacy of school principals, and education district administrators should consider financial literacy in the appointment and selection of school principals

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • financial literacy
  • school principals
  • grounded theory
  • primary education
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