نقش رهبری خدمتگزار در عملکرد تیمی با میانجی گری انسجام تیمی (مطالعه موردی: تیم های معلمان مقطع متوسطه دوم استان کردستان)

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

10.22055/edus.2021.37191.3217

چکیده

هدف پژوهش بررسی نقش رهبری خدمتگزار در عملکرد تیمی با میانجی گری انسجام تیمی بود. جامعه پژوهش کلیه معلمان مقطع متوسطه دوم استان کردستان بودند، که با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای و بر مبنای فرمول کوکران، نمونه‌ای به حجم 346 معلم انتخاب شد. روش پژوهش کمی و از نوع مطالعات همبستگی و رویکرد مدل سازی معادله ساختاری کوواریانس محور بود. جهت گردآوری داده ها از پرسشنامه های رهبری خدمتگزار لیدن و همکاران (2015)، انسجام تیمی پودساکف و مک کنزی (1994) و عملکرد تیمی پونته-پالاکیوس، مارتینز و پالومبو (2016) استفاده شد. پایایی و روایی پرسشنامه ها با تکنیک های آلفای کرانباخ و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی بررسی شدند، جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل مسیر تأییدی با استفاده از نرم افزار lisrel استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که رهبری خدمتگزار و انسجام تیمی اثر مثبت بر عملکرد تیمی معلمان در سطح 05/0 دارند؛ رهبری خدمتگزار به واسطه انسجام تیمی اثر مثبت و معنادار بر متغیر عملکرد تیمی معلمان در سطح 05/0 دارد؛ همچنین متغیرهای رهبری خدمتگزار و انسجام تیمی قادر به تببین 20% واریانس عملکرد تیمی معلمان بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Servant leadership in Team Performance Mediated by Team Cohesion (Case Study: Teams of Secondary School Teachers in Kurdistan Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamal Abdolmaleki 1
  • Siroos ghanbari 2
1 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
2 Assistant Prof, Bu-Ali Sina university
چکیده [English]

Introduction
In recent decades, organizations around the world have done teamwork to provide faster, more flexible, and more adaptable responses in turbulent and complex work environments. The importance and application of teamwork has increased dramatically in the last three decades in the field of education and professional organizations. With the increasing use of teams in organizations, research has begun focusing on the role of leadership in increasing team success. Positive support from Servant leaders for all followers increases team cohesion, which affects team members' focus, enthusiasm and commitment to tasks and goals, thereby increasing team performance.
But in order for servant leadership to gain more legitimacy as a theory of leadership, research needs to examine how this leadership style can play a role in team cohesion and teacher team performance. And is this valid in educational organizations as well or not? Take action. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of servant leadership in team cohesion and team performance along with the mediating role of team cohesion in the relationship between servant leadership and team performance in teacher teams.

Method
The study population was all secondary school teachers in Kurdistan province, which was selected by stratified random sampling method and based on Cochran's formula, a sample of 346 teachers. The research method was quantitative and correlational and the modeling approach was covariance-based structural equation. Data were collected using the Leiden et al.'s (2015) Servant Leadership Questionnaire, Podsakoff and MacKenzie (1994) Team Cohesion Questionnaire, and the Puente-Palacios, Martins and Palumbo (2016) Team Performance Questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the questionnaires were assessed by Cronbach's alpha techniques and confirmatory factor analysis. Confirmation path analysis was used to analyze the data using lisrel software.

Results
The results showed that servant leadership and team cohesion have a positive effect on teachers' team performance at the level of 0.05; Servant leadership due to team cohesion has a positive and significant effect on the variable of team performance of teachers at the level of 0.05.
Discussion
Because servant leadership at the team level is also involved in the exchange process, leaders help the team by acknowledging the team's strengths and potentials, as well as its overall support. It can be said that servant leadership is an important factor in creating team cohesion and improving team performance in teacher teams.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • servant leadership
  • Team Cohesion
  • Team Performance
  • Teacher Teams
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