تاثیر راهبردهای پیش آموزش و اسکریپت در محیط یادگیری مبتنی بر استدلال ورزی همیارانه بر اکتساب و انتقال مهارت های تصمیم گیری و رضایت

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تعلیم وتربیت،دانشکده علوم انسانی تربیت مدرس،رشته تکنولوژی آموزشی-تهران-ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 تعلیم و تربیت، علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

4 گروه تعلیم و تربیت، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

10.22055/edus.2021.36064.3165

چکیده

هدف این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر راهبردهای پیش آموزش واسکریپت در محیط یادگیری مبتنی بر استدلال ورزی همیارانه بر اکتساب مهارت تصمیم گیری، انتقال آن به داستان اخلاقی جدید و رضایت دانش آموزان بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش،کلیه دانش آموزان پایه ششم شهر نی ریز در سال تحصیلی 1399/1400 بود. سه مدرسه مهرگان، مهردانش و بهمن از طریق نمونه گیری خوشه ای انتخاب شدند. از میان هر یک از این سه مدرسه،یک کلاس پایه ششم انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در گروه های آزمایشی 1(پیش آموزش )،آزمایش 2(اسکریپت ) و آزمایشی 3(ترکیبی ) قرار داده شدند. پس از اجرای پیش آزمون،یک واحد یادگیری شش هفته ای تصمیم گیری اخلاقی-اجتمایی براساس رویکرد استدلال ورزی همیارانه و مبتنی بر داستان های اخلاقی منبعث از زندگی واقعی دانش آموزان در هر سه گروه با پشتیبانی های مختلف طراحی و اجرا شد.برای تحلیل داده های گردآوری شده از آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس برای اندازه گیری مکرر وتحلیل واریانس یک راهه استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد دانش آموزانی که در فرایند استدلال ورزی همیارانه ترکیبی از دو پشتیبانی پیش-آموزش واسکریپت را دریافت کرده بودند، در اکتساب مهارت تصمیم گیری،انتقال آن به داستان اخلاقی جدید و رضایت از دو شرایط دیگر عملکرد بهتری داشتند. همچنین، گروهی که قبل از استدلال ورزی همیارانه پیش-آموزش دریافت کرده بودند در اکتساب مهارت تصمیم گیری، و انتقال آن به داستان اخلاقی جدید نسبت به گروهی که اسکریپت دریافت کرده بودند عملکرد بهتری داشتند. کاربردها و پیشنهادات برای پژوهش های آینده مورد بحث قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of pre-training and scripting strategies in a collaborative reasoning based learning environment on the acquisition and transfer of decision-making skills and satisfaction

نویسندگان [English]

  • MOHSEN BAYAT 1
  • Hashem Fardanesh 2
  • Javad Hatami 3
  • Ebrahim Talaee 4
1 educational sciences-human sciences collage-Tarbiat modares university
2 Assistant Professor, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran.
3 Education, Human science, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Intruduction
In effective citizenship education, decision making is important skills.The 11-year-olds childeren need decision-making skills(NCSS,1998(.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of collaborative reasoning-based learning environment with teacher support (pre-training and scripting by procedural prompt) on acquisition and transfer of decision-making skills and satisfaction.For this purpose, the questions were: (1) what is the effect of collaborative reasoning-based learning environment with pre-training and script supports on students' acquisition of decision-making skills?(2) what is the effect of collaborative reasoning-based learning environment with pre-training and script supports on the transfer of students' decision-making skills to the novel moral story?(3)what are students' opinions about the collaborative-reasoning learning environment?
Method
This research is a pre-test and post-test experimental designs with three experimental groups. The statistical population of the study is all sixth grade students in Neyriz in the academic year 1399- 1400. All participants were male and their mean age was 12.40 (SD = 1.33). Among the schools of Neyriz city, three schools of Mehregan, Mehrdanesh and Bahman were selected through cluster sampling. Three sixth grade classes were selected and randomly divided into experimental groups 1 (pre-training), experimental 2 (scripting) and experimental 3 (blended method(.Learning and transfer of students' decision-making skills (pre-test, post-test and transfer test) were measured using a coding scheme prepared by the authors.Students' opinions about collaborative reasoning-based learning environment were measured using a questionnaire designed by Mehdizadeh (2007). This questionnaire was used with some changes after adapting to the classroom conditions.
Result
The results showed that the collaborative reasoning approach with three support methods can improve acquisition and transfer of students' decision-making skills. Also, students who received a combination of support through pre-training and scripting in the collaborative reasoning process performed better in acquisition and transferring decision-making skills than the other two groups and were more satisfied with their learning environment. Also, students who received pre-training prior to collaborative reasoning performed better than the script group in acquiring and transferring decision-making skills.
Discussion
Pre-trainning and scripting are both complementary learning strategies that, together, provide powerful instructional support in collaborative reasoning-based learning environments to empower students to acquisition and transfer decision-making skills. Pre-training creates the mental structure or model needed to understand the scripts that are presented in the collaborative reasoning process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keyword: Decision-making skills
  • Collaborative Reasoning
  • Pre-training
  • Script
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