ارزیابی تعلق پارادایمی اعضای هیات علمی رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی:رویکردی به مطالعه فلسفه علم

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

4 استادیار، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

10.22055/edus.2020.33058.3009

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی تعلق پارادایمی اساتید رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی انجام شده است. این پژوهش به روش توصیفی – پیمایشی انجام گردید و جامعه آماری آن شامل کلیه اعضای هیات علمی رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی دانشگاههای دولتی کشور می‌باشند. پس از تعیین روایی و محاسبه پایایی ابزار، جهت‌گیری اعضای هیات علمی رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی نسبت به پیش فرض‌های شش‌گانه پارادایمی درباره هستی، انسان، معرفت ، روش تحقیقاتی، تعلیم و تربیت و برنامه درسی در هر کدام از پارادایم‌های پنجگانه انتقادی، تفسیری، پست مدرن، پوزیتویستی و اسلامی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. تحلیل نتایج با استفاده از آزمون‌های استنباطی فریدمن نشان داد که در پیش فرض‌های انسان شناختی، معرفت شناختی، تربیت شناختی، روش‌شناختی، مدل برنامه درسی و ارزشیابی، پارادایم اسلامی بالاترین رتبه میانگین، و در پیش فرض‌های هستی شناختی و محتوا پارادایم انتقادی بالاترین رتبه میانگین، و در ابعاد هدف و راهبردهای تدریس پارادایم تفسیری بالاترین رتبه میانگین را در بین عناصر مربوط به جهت گیری پارادایمی اعضای هیات علمی رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی به خود اختصاص دادند. همچنین نتایج وتحلیل واریانس اندازه‌گیری های مکرر نشان داد که اگر چه تفاوت معنی داری بین رویکرد اعضای هیات علمی در پارادایم های پنج ‌گانه وجود دارد، اما اعضای هیات علمی رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی دارای پارادایم غالبی نبودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Paradigmic interests of faculty members in the field of Curriculum Studies : An approach to study of science philosophy

نویسندگان [English]

  • rahmatollah marzooghi 1
  • fatemeh karimi 2
  • Mehdi Mohammadi 3
  • Maryam shafiei sarvestani 4
  • Sosan Jabbari 4
1 Professor, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2  Ph.D. Student, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Faculty members in the field of Curriculum Studies as the experts in the humanistic and educational sciences, are the main agents of development in the curriculum field according to their philosophical orientations or paradigmic interests. Therefore, recognizing their paradigmic interests and approaches can determine their educational, research, and publication orientations. It can also define the paradigmic direction of science development in the field of Curriculum Studies.
Methodology
The aim of this descriptive-survey study was to recognize the paradigmic interest of the faculty members in the field of Curriculum Studies. After calculating the reliability and validity of the instruments, paradigmic interesst of faculty members wre studied based on the five Critical, Interpretative, Post-modern, Positivist, and Islamic paradigms with regard to the six paradigmic assumptions about Ontology, Anthropology, Epistemology, Methodology, Education and Curriculum .The participants of the study were included all the faculty members of the field of Curriculum Studies in all Iranian state universities, 58 of whom chosen by a convenience sampling method .
Results
Analyzing the results by using the Friedman inferential tests revealed that in the five paradigmic assumptions,Islamic paradigm had the highest mean, and in content and ontological assumptions, Critical paradigm had the highest mean, and in the dimentions of teaching strategies and aims, Interpretative paradigm had the highest mean among the faculty members of Curriculum Studies. Moreover, the results and analysis of variance of repeated measures showed that although there was a significant difference between the approaches of faculty members toward the five paradigms, they did not have a dominant paradigm orientations.
Conclusion
Based on the research findings , it can be claimed that there is no paradigmic coherence among the faculty members of curriculum studies , and they have not a fixed approach in their paradigmic assumptions with regard to ontology, epistemology, anthropology, methodology , education and curriculum elements. Therefore , it can lead to some contradictions in the faculty members theoretical viewpoints , research and educational approaches. The findings also showed that faculty members do not have a dominant paradigm and one paradigm cannot be selected as the main paradigm with certainty. However, it can be generally stated that the faculty members mostly tended to adhere to Islamic and Critical paradigms. Anyway, the final conclusion is that Curriculum studies teachers lack coherence in their paradigmatic intereste.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Paradigm- paradigmic interest
  • Faculty Members
  • Philosophy of Science
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