طراحی و اعتباریابی مقیاس درجه بندی سنجش مولفه‌های انتقال یادگیری یادگیرندگان مبتلا به اختلال طیف اوتیسم در محیط‌های یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار ، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

5 استاد، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

10.22055/edus.2020.35198.3120

چکیده

استفاده از فن آوری در آموزش برای کمک به افراد دارای اختلال طیف اوتیسم در سالهای اخیر با رشد چشمگیری همراه بوده است. این پژوهش با هدف ساخت مقیاس درجه‌بندی نگاره‌ای توصیفی برای سنجش مولفه‌های انتقال یادگیری افراد دارای اختلال طیف اوتیسم در طراحی محیط‌های یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای انجام شد. روش این پژوهش رویکرد آمیخته (کیفی-کمی-کیفی) بوده است. پژوهش با مطالعه منابع معتبر و مرتبط برای یافتن مولفه‌های موثر در بهبود انتقال یادگیری آغاز و با استخراج مولفهها و راهبردهای مناسب ادامه یافت. برای 12 مؤلفه استخراج شده 86 گویه یا راهبرد طراحی و در اختیار 27 نفر از متخصصان رشته تکنولوژی آموزشی در سطح دکتری و دانشجوی دکتری قرار گرفت. به منظور تحلیل پاسخها از شاخص روایی محتوا) (CVI استفاده گردید. شاخص I-CVI گویه‌های ابزار به استثنای 5 گویه که در سطح 0.78 ارزیابی شدند، برای سایر گویه‌ها امتیازی بالاتر از 0.79 را در بر داشت، همچنین مقدار محاسبه شده برای شاخص S-CVI برابر 0.89 بود که مقدار مطلوبی ارزیابی میشود. با تکیه بر این نتایج، مقیاس درجهبندی تولید شده در این پژوهش ابزار مناسبی برای سنجش مطلوبیت مؤلفههای موثر در افزایش انتقال یادگیری با استفاده از محیط‌های چندرسانه‌ای آموزشی بوده و پژوهشگران استفاده از آن را در مراحل طراحی و یا ارزشیابی محیط های یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای برای افراد دارای اختلال طیف اوتیسم توصیه می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design and validation of a grading scale for measuring the components of learning transfer of learners with autism spectrum disorder in multimedia learning environments

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Masnavi 1
  • esmaeil zaraii zavaraki 2
  • Parviz Sharifi Daramadi 3
  • Mohammad Reza NiliAhmadabadi 4
  • ali delavar 5
1 Ph.D. Student, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Instructional Technology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
5 Professor, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Autism is a disorder that is affecting more and more people during the first three years of life. People with this disorder have difficulty retrieving information due to problems with working memory and, in scientific language, have difficulty transfer of learning. Today, computers and multimedia are widely used to educate these people, but what is neglected in the design of these environments is the lack of attention to the effective components in improving the transfer of learning in this group of learners.
Method
The aim of this study was to construct a descriptive graph grading scale to measure the learning transfer components of learners with autism spectrum disorder in the design of multimedia learning environments using a mixed research method(qualitative-quantitative-qualitative). In the first qualitative part, valid and relevant sources were studied to find effective components in improving learning transfer. In the quantitative section, the appropriate components and strategies of each component were provided to 27 specialists in the field of educational technology at the doctoral level and doctoral students. After collecting the answers of the experts, a content validity index called CVI was used to analyze the answers.
Results
86 items or strategies were designed for the 12 extracted components and provided to 27 educational technology specialists at the doctoral level and doctoral students. The content validity index (CVI) was used to analyze the responses. The I-CVI index of the tool items, with the exception of 5 items rated at 0.78, had a score higher than 0.79 for the other items, as well as the value calculated for the S index. -CVI was 0.89, which is considered a good value.
Discussion
Based on these results, the grading scale produced in this study is a good instrument to measure the desirability of components effective in increasing learning transfer using educational multimedia environments and researchers recommends it to design or evaluation stages of learning Multimedia environments for people with autism spectrum disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational multimedia
  • Descriptive Graphic rating Scale
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • transfer of learning
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