عنوان مقاله [English]
Leisure Times Problems of Shahid Chamran University Students
This article reports the second part of the findings of a research study conducted during 1377/1998 - 1378/1999 academic year to pin down problems experienced by Shahid Chamran University students vis-a-vis their leisure times. This article concentrates only on problems. The statistical population of this study consisted of all the students enrolled at SCU in the said academic year. Research sample consisted of 700 students selected by simple random sampling procedure. The data- gathering instrument consisted of a researcher- made questionnaire whose items were gleaned from previous research findings and opinions contributed by the students. The reliability of this instrumernt was calculated to be .95 using test/re-test and Cronbach’s alpha methods. The validity of this instrument was determined by referring to expert views and students’ opinions. Factor analysis method, ANOVA, and t-test were used to analyze the dala. Factor analysis categorized the data around four factors: 1) socio- cultural factor, 2) psychological! motivational factor, 3) family factor, and 4) economic factor. These factors explained 27.8%, 16%, 8.6% and 6.76% of the variance of leisure time problems, respectively (totally 54%). Findings indicate that socio- cultural problems top the students’ prolems. Lack of facilities and university’s failure to offer desirable programs, socio-political limitations are among the main problems under factor No 1. Factors 2-4 underline dormitory life, familial responsibilities, esp. poverty and high cost of living, as students’ major problems.