موفقیت در کارراهه شغلی با آموزش نیروی انسانی

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آموزش و بهسازی منابع انسانی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش کاربردی، بررسی رابطه‌ی بین اثربخشی دوره‌های آموزش ضمن خدمت با موفقیت کارراهه شخصی در یکی از سازمان‌های وابسته به وزارت نیرو است که با روش تحقیق آمیخته ( کمی - کیفی) بررسی گردید. در بخش کمی، از پرسشنامه Homayoonia ( 2006) و پرسشننامه Gattiker & Larwood (1986) و در بخش کیفی از تحلیل اسناد و مصاحبه برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها استفاده گردید. برای بخش کمی تحقیق با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای، 290 نفر از کارکنان رسمی و پیمانی شرکت به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. در بخش کیفی نیز از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند که با شیوه موارد مطلوب انتخاب‌شده بودند، استفاده شد و با 10 نفر از کارکنان که دارای سابقه خدمت بیشتر از 20 سال بودند مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته انجام شد. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های کمی از روش‏های آمار توصیفی و آمار استنباطی و برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های کیفی از روش تحلیل محتوا استفاده گردید. بعد از تحلیل نتایج مشخص شد که اثربخشی دوره‌های آموزشی به‌جز با موفقیت بین فردی، با موفقیت شغلی، موفقیت مالی و موفقیت سلسله مراتبی رابطه معنادار و مثبتی داشته است؛ ولی بین اثربخشی دوره‌ها و بهبود عملکرد افراد، رابطه معناداری مشاهده نشد. می‌توان چنین ادعا کرد که دوره‌های برگزارشده توانسته‌اند در جهت رشد کارکنان مؤثر باشند ولی افرادی که از کانال‌های دیگری در سازمان رشد داشته‌اند، دچار افت شدید مداوم شده‌اند. شاید افراد در فرایند کارراهه ذهنی، زمانی که در سازمان جایگاه خود را تثبیت شده می بینند .

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Job career success by human resource training

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tahereh Nejati 1
  • Abdullah Parsa 2
  • Hamid Farhadirad 3
1 M.A. Student, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Human resources development theories emphasized on the importance of training and it is effects on the powerment of human resources of organizations. The training goal is the some important functions such as socialization, learning skills, succession planning, employment capability and helping to job career success. The most general use of job career success is the advancement path in job. Mental career of job success is the criteria of individual assessment of his/her job success that reffered to individual attitudes to his/her job and it is determined by psychological terms such as professional commitment. Job success, between individual success, hierarchical success and financial success are 4 parameters of job career. Although some researcher add life satisfaction as fifth parameter of job career.

Method
This applied study aimed to investigate the relationship between In-service training programs efficiency with staff career success in one of power ministry organizations, which conducted by confirmatory mixed method (quan.+ qual.). In quantitative section, data were collected with Homayounia (2005) and Gattiker and Larwood (1986) questionnaires, and in qualitative section, documentary analysis and interview were used for data collecting. Qualitative data derived from semi-structured interviews with 10 experts of that organization in Ahvaz Power & Water Organization. Stratified random sampling method was used in quantitative part, 290 persons were selected based on Morgan table, and to determine the sample size in qualitative section, and the desirable cases choice method was used. Pearson correlation, regression and repeat measure ANOVA used for quantitative data analysis and interview inductive content analysis method was used for qualitative part.

Results
The results showed that in-service training programs efficiency except of interpersonal success, have positive relationship with job success, financial success, hierarchical success but trainings programs efficiency can not improve individual performance in their career. Analysis of interviews showed that personnel believed that the courses had the some effects on job success, financial success and hierarchical success. This qualitative result is the same as quantitative results about the relationship between training courses and job career success. Also in both Qual. and Quan. results, there is not found the relation between job some of career success’ parameters such as:friendly relationships, formal communications, team moral, and fitness of courses with needs.

Disscution
In this organization, the training courses are being conducted with the purpose to become familiar personnel with their jobs and their work environment. Therefore it can be comprehend that the results of both sections of research are confirmed each other.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Job success
  • interpersonal success
  • hierarchical success
  • financial success
Abele, A. E., & Spurk, D. (2009). The longitudinal impact of self-efficacy and career goals on objective and subjective career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74(1), 53-62.
Abraham, R. (1999). The impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment and intention to turnover. The Journal of Psychology, 133(4), 441-455.
Arizi samani, H., Zakerfard, M. & Nouri, A. (2009). Relationship between Job career with Job authority and organizational Commitment: Case study of male and female employees of research and development units of industrial enterprises. Journal of social-psychological studies of Women, (7), 69-94. [Persian]
Armstrong-Stassen, M., & Cameron, S. (2005). Factors related to the career satisfaction of older managerial and professional women. Career Development International, 10(3), 203-215.
Boudreau, J. W., Boswell, W. R., & Judge, T. A. (2001). Effects of personality on executive career success in the United States and Europe. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 58(1), 53-81.
Day, R., & Allen, T. D. (2004). The relationship between career motivation and self-efficacy with protégé career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64(1), 72-91.
Dehghani, M. (2014). From hotel career management to employers’ career satisfaction. International Journal of Research In Social Sciences.. 3(5), 97-111. [Persian]
Dehghani, A., Dghighi Asl, A., & Pourvali, F. (2014). The effect of in-service training on employees ability and job performance in an insurance company. Insurance Research Journal 30th Year, 118(2), 35-60. [Persian]
Erdoğmus, N. (2004). Career orientations of salaried professionals: The case of Turkey. Career Development International, 9(2), 153-175.
Gattiker, U. E., & Larwood, L. (1986). Subjective career success: A study of
managers and support personnel. Journal of Business and Psychology, 1(2), 78-94.
Golparvar, M. V., & Ghazavi, A. (2010) Social support and organizational Policies and measures in job success. Contemporary Psychology Magazine. (5), 21-29. [Persian]
Greenhaus, J. H., & Callanan, G. A. (1994). Career Management. FortWorth, TX: The Dryden Press.
Gunz, H. P., & Heslin, P. A. (2005). Reconceptualizing career success. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(2), 105-111.
Guo, W. C., Niu, S., & Yang, N. (2009). Study on the Correlation between Employability and Career Success of Knowledge Workers-Based on the Boundaryless Careers. In Management and Service Science, 2009. MASS'09. International Conference on (1-5). IEEE.
Homayoonia, A. (2006) Assessement of the courses of the abfa company in Khuzestan during (1995-2000). Master thesis. Faculty of psychology & educational sciences. Tehran University, [Persian]
Hoseinian, S., & Tabatabaiee, Sh. (2009). Effectiveness of training teachers and trainers, technical service-oriented professional with exceptional business and pleasure in Tehran on their professional capabilities. Modern Educational Thought, 5, 95-114. [Persian]
Ituma, A., & Simpson, R. (2007). Moving beyond Schein's typology: individual career anchors in the context of Nigeria. Personnel Review, 36(6), 978-995.
Kahyarara, G., & Teal, F. (2008). The returns to vocational training and academic education: Evidence from Tanzania. World Development, 36(11), 2223-2242.
Kordzangeneh, A. (2010). Investigation for efficacy of ICDL training courses on K.S.A. capabilities of employees of Khuzestan' Water & Electricity Organization. MA thesis, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran, [Persian]
Kirchmeyer, C. (1995). Demographic similarity to the work group: A longitudinal study of managers at the early career stage. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16(1), 67-83.
Kong, H., Cheung, C., & Song, H. (2012). From hotel career management to employees’ career satisfaction: The mediating effect of career competency. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(1), 76-85.
Liangtie, D., & Fuhui, S. (2016). Subjective Career Success: A Literature Review and Prospect. Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 4(3), 238-242.
McLagan, P. A. (1989). Models for HRD practice. Training & Development Journal, 43(9), 49-60.
Michaels, C. E., & Spector, P. E. (1982). Causes of employee turnover: A test of the Mobley, Griffeth, Hand, and Meglino model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(1), 53.
Motllebinejad, A. (2010). Assessing the Effectiveness of Applied psychology

training Courses staff of the national Iranian Oil Compony Based on the model of Kirkpatrick. Master thesis. Alameh Tabatabai University, [Persian]
Mousavifar, F. (2008) Assessment of astaff attitudes towords the usefulness of welfare service training Courses in Khuzestan province during the years of (2001- 2006). Master thesis. Dezful branch of Azad eslami university, [Persian]
Murrell, A. J., Frieze, I. H., & Olson, J. E. (1996). Mobility strategies and career outcomes: A longitudinal study of MBAs. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 49(3), 324-335.
Neo, R., Hollen Beck, I., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2009). Fundamen Tals of Human Resource Management, third edition, Mc Graw-Hill.
Ng, T. W., Eby, L. T., Sorensen, K. L., & Feldman, D. C. (2005). Predictors of objective and subjective career success: A meta‐analysis. Personnel Psychology, 58(2), 367-408.
Pachulicz, S., Schmitt, N., & Kuljanin, G. (2008). A model of career success: A longitudinal study of emergency physicians. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(2), 242-253.
Raoufi, M., & Tarikhi ghouchani dorous, A. (2004). The effect of on – the – job education on elficiancy and proficiency oh school administrators and staff. Educational studies & psychology faculty of Ferdowsi University, [Persian]
Reitzle, M., Körner, A., & Vondracek, F. W. (2009). Psychological and demographic correlates of career patterns. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74(3), 308-320.
Rezaeeian, A., Hatami, S., & Dastiar, H. (2011). The relationship between career satisfaction. Journal of military medicine, 13(14), 217-221. [Persian]
Rezaiee, A. (2003). Evaluation of the effect of in-service training on job performance of Iranian insurance staff. Master thesis, Alameh Tabatabai University, [Persian]
Scroggins, W. A. (2008). The relationship between employee fit perceptions, job performance, and retention: Implications of perceived fit. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 20(1), 57-71.
Tsui, A. S., & Gutek, B. A. (1984). A role set analysis of gender differences in performance, affective relationships, and career success of industrial middle managers. Academy of Management Journal, 27(3), 619-635.
Zamani, H. (2009). Investigating the effectiveness of training courses on karoon Oil & Gaz Utilization in the light of learning organization theory. Master thesis Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Faculty of educational science and psychology, [Persian]
Zhou, W., Xie, B., Xin, X., Bai, G., & Mao, R. (2015). A Meta-Analysis: Human Capital, Social Capital and Psychological Capital Affect County Employees Career Success. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2, 251-263.