ارائه الگوی توسعه حرفه‌ای مدیران گروه‌های آموزشی دانشگاه‌ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی بر اساس رویکرد ناب

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کاندیدای دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، ارائه الگوی توسعه حرفه‌ای مدیران گروه‌های آموزشی دانشگاه‌ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی ایران بر اساس رویکرد ناب است. این پژوهش در چارچوب رویکرد کیفی انجام‌شده است. به همین منظور تعداد 20 نفر از خبرگان و صاحب‌نظران دانشگاهی مطلع نسبت به موضوع و با راهبرد نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب‌شده و به‌صورت نیمه ساختاریافته مورد مصاحبه قرار گرفتند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از تکینک تحلیل موضوعی (تم) استفاده شد. برای اطمینان از روایی و پایایی داده‌های کیفی پژوهش، از راهبردهای:1. تحلیل و بازبینی توسط اعضاء (مصاحبه‌شوندگان) 2. تحلیل و بازبینی توسط همکاران و 3. روش چند سویه نگری منابع داده‌ها استفاده گردید. پس از پیاده‌سازی محتوای مصاحبه‌ها و تحلیل مقدماتی آن‌ها، کدها یا مفاهیم اولیه شناسایی و به‌منظور دستیابی به مقوله‌های اصلی کدهای مشابه در طبقه‌ای خاص قرار گرفتند. درنهایت برای هریک از طبقات عنوانی که دربرگیرنده کل کدهای آن طبقه باشد، انتخاب گردید. درنتیجه این مطالعه پنج مؤلفه اصلی (مهارت‌های رهبری/مدیریتی ناب، مهارت‌های دانشگری ناب، مهارت‌های پژوهشگری ناب، مهارت‌های رفتاری ناب و مهارت‌های فردی ناب) برای الگوی توسعه حرفه‌ای مدیران گروه‌های آموزشی دانشگاه‌ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی بر اساس رویکرد ناب شناسایی و کشف گردید. پنج مؤلفه اصلی حاصل از این پژوهش، می‌تواند الگویی اثربخش برای توسعه حرفه‌ای مدیران گروه‌های آموزشی در دانشگاه‌ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی باشد و نتایج مفیدی در ارتقای کیفیت، کارایی، اثربخشی و کاهش اتلافات در آموزش عالی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a model for professional development departments’ heads in universities and institutes of higher education based on a lean approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaba Haj Khozeymh 1
  • khodayar abili 2
  • Javad Pourkarime 3
1 PhD Student of Higher Education Administration, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Universities and institutes of higher education need more than ever lean and effective managers and leaders to face the threats and challenges of the modern world. The main purpose of this study is to present a model for professional development of heads of departments in Iran universities and institutes of higher education based on a lean approach.

Method
This research was conducted based on the framework of a qualitative approach. For this purpose, 20 experts and academic experts on the subject were selected through purposeful sampling and were interviewed in a semi-structured way. To analyze the data, the thematic analysis technique was used. To ensure the validity and reliability of the qualitative research data, the following strategies were followed: 1. Analysis and reviewing by members (interviewees) 2. Analysis and reviewing by colleagues; and 3. Triangulation of the data sources methods was used. After implementing the content of the interviews and their preliminary analysis, codes or basic concepts were identified and in order to achieve the main categories, similar codes were placed on specific categories. Finally, for each category, the title containing the entire codes was selected.

Results
As a result of this study, five main components (Leader/Administration Lean Skills, Lean Knowledge Skills, Lean Research Skills, Lean Behavioral Skills, and Lean Personal Skills) for the model of Professional Development of heads of departments of universities and institutes of higher education based on a lean approach were identified and presented.

Discussion
The five main components of this research can be an effective model for the professional development of department heads in universities and higher education institutes and have beneficial results in promoting quality, efficiency, effectiveness and waste reduction in higher education.


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • professional development
  • Lean Approach
  • Heads of departments
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