بازبینی مفهوم نمای بناهای شهری از دیدگاه کودکان 4-6 سال شهر و بررسی تأثیر آن به لحاظ سبکهای مختلف معماری (از کلاسیک تا معاصر)

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی معماری، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران

2 استادیار، واحد هشتگرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، هشتگرد، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر سبک های مختلف معماری از لحاظ مظاهر شهری و فرمی بر روی کودکان 4-6 سال جامعه می باشد و تحلیل این موضوع که کدام یک از این سبک ها در برقراری ارتباط موثر با آنها موفق تر خواهد بود.در این مقاله با بررسی سوابق موجود از نظریه محققان و متخصصان روانشناس به موضوع کودک و ارتباط آنها با فضا به تشریح نگرش کودکان به نمود خارجی بناها در شهر و نمای موجود از بناها از سبکهای مختلف معماری پرداخته شده و همچنین چگونگی برقراری ارتباط با کودکان با این بناها ارائه گردیده است. راهبرد این پژوهش، ترکیبی شامل راهبرد همبستگی و کیفی است. روش استخراج تصاویر ذهنی به دلییل محدودیت نوشتاری کودکان در این سن، تکنیک «نقشه های کروکی وار» است که در دسته مدل های «طراحی ترسیمی» جا می گیرد. جامعه آماری در این تحقیق به سبب درک مفاهیم انتزاعی، بیان افکار و ایده ها از طریق نمادها و درک احساسی آنها از اشیاء، از میان کودکان 4 تا 6 سال از چهار مهد کودک شامل دختر و پسر انتخاب گردیده است. در طی بررسی ها به نحوه ارتباط کودک با معماری از طریق ابعاد،عمق،تعادل، سایه و المانهای اطراف بنا پرداخته شده است. نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان می دهد سبک معماری مدرن به دلیل خوانایی و ساده بودن فرم و نداشتن جزئیات زیاد بیشترین مخاطب را میان کودکان داشته و سبک دیکانستراکشن به دلیل پیچیدگی و عدم خوانایی و استفاده از فرمهای نامتعارف توسط کودک کمترین مخاطب را به خود اختصاص داده است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reviewing the concept of urban buildings elevation from Kids’ perspective of 4-6 years old in city and investigate its impact in terms of Different architectural styles (from classic to contemporary)

نویسندگان [English]

  • parto yazdanfar 1
  • fourough farazjou 2
1 M.Sc. Student of Architectural Engineering, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Hashtgerd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
In accordance with this context, contemporary and abstract art refers to any activity that has aroused and restrained itself. Art painting is a reflection of the idea of being an illustrator. An image is the stimulus showing the global tendency to express the inner workings of man. The use of painting and drawing in clinical work provides access to the mental organs of children and share their emotions and experiences. It provides an effective way of starting the diagnosis and diagnosis process, and it provides an opportunity to communicate freely with the child through the colors and lines of emotion and emotions. painting is like a mediator between the inner world of the child and the reality of his life and opens a way to the child unconscious for his psychological exploration.

Method
The strategy of this research is a combination of correlation and qualitative strategy. The method of discovery and extraction of mental images due to the limitations of writing at this age is the technique of 'crocodile' maps that as one of the most appropriate methods for extracting the representation of environmental perception. Children drawing and questionnaires are used in this essay, which is more appropriate for drawing out the perspective and experiences of children. the sample size of 200 people, including girls and boys, is 4 to 6 years, which have been randomly selected as case samples between 4 kindergartens. in order to analyze data collected from descriptive analytical method and to analyze the collected paintings, psychologist expert theory was used to provide the results.

Results
Finally, we conclude that modern architectural style has the lowest audience because of its simplicity and readability, and single architectural and deconstruction style due to inability to read, complexity and use of installations and structures in the view of the building.
Discussion
Art is also an expression of emotion and thoughts while trying to produce an image. In fact, some forms of emotion transmission can be more important than producing an image, many people believe Everyone, whether they have been trained in art or not, expresses an emotional state when drawing or painting an unconscious image.
Color as an element of architecture has a profound effect on children's morale and behavior, affecting their psychological state. The visual and psychological impact of colors in children depends on darkness, brightness, coldness, warmth and quantity of color. From this point of view the paintings were drawn up by children from observing all kinds of structures and buildings assigned to them, in terms of colour given by them to be measured in terms of their attitude towards buildings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • child
  • Architecture
  • architectural style
  • Painting
  • urban elevation
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