رابطه هوش هیجانی و پیشرفت تحصیلی: یک مطالعه فراتحلیلی

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

چکیده

پژوهش‌های متعددی در حوزه‌ی رابطه هوش هیجانی و پیشرفت تحصیلی با کسب نتایج متفاوت و متناقض انجام‌یافته است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف ترکیب نتایج پژوهش‌‌های متعدد این حوزه انجام‌گرفته است. روش مورداستفاده در این پژوهش فراتحلیل می‎باشد. جهت نیل به اهداف پژوهش، از نتایج کمی 30 پژوهش منتخب، که با توجه به ملاک‌های ورود و خروج و بهره‌گیری از کلیدواژه‌های تعیین‌شده از طریق بانک‌های اطلاعاتی مختلف کشور به‌دست‌آمده بود، استفاده گردید و درمجموع 137 اندازه اثر همبستگی از آن‌ها به دست آمد؛ که با نرم‌افزار CMA2 مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. در این پژوهش دو مدل تصادفی و ثابت محاسبه گردید که با توجه به تحلیل ناهمگنی از طریق شاخص‌های Q و مجذور I، و حذف 18 اندازه اثر، مدل ثابت به‌عنوان مدل نهایی در نظر گرفته شد. اندازه‎اثر ترکیبی پژوهش‎های مورد بررسی 0.169 به دست آمد و از لحاظ آماری معنی دار می‌باشد (P

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement: a meta-analysis study

نویسندگان [English]

  • saeed mohammadi molod 1
  • taghi zavvar 2
1 PhD Student of Educational Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction

For many years, intelligence and mental abilities were considered the only factors influencing student’s academic achievement but recently, several studies have examined the impact of non-cognitive aspects such as emotional and social factor. Emotional intelligence is one of the factors that impact and its relation to academic achievement have been studied in different studies. Some researchers found a weak relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement, some found a moderate and significant relationship, and some believe the impact of emotional intelligence on academic achievement more than cognitive intelligence. According to this, the purpose of the present study was to analyze and combine the results of the researches in this field and reach a general conclusion and resolve the existing contradictions and discover possible moderators.

Method

According to the purpose of this study, the present study was conducted by meta-analysis method. The statistical population of the present study was all research published in scientific valid journal which was available in computer databases and examined the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement. Using the purposive sampling method and extensive search based on the specified keywords and applying entry and exit criteria, 30 studies were selected as sample and entered the meta-analysis process. The extracted data were analyzed with CMA software.

Results

From selected studies as sample, in total, 137 effect sizes were extracted which 18 extreme effect sizes were eliminated in sensitivity analysis and the next analyzes were performed on 119 effect sizes. The value of “fail-safe N” statistic was obtained 4132, which indicated that after entering this number of non-significant studies, the combined effect size will be non-significant. The amount of combined effect size calculated 0.169 in fixed model and 0.165 in random model that both of them were statistically significant (p < /p>

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Effect Size
  • academic achievement
  • Meta-Analysis
  • emotional intelligence
Akbari, M., & Aghayousefi, A. R. (2010). Correlation between fluid intelligence, dimensions of personality (extroversion, neurosis and psychosis) and emotional intelligence with academic success in high school students.Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(14), 44-57. [Persian]
Alizadeh, S., Namazi, A., & Kouchakzadeh Talami, S. (2014). The correlation between general health, emotional intelligence and academic achievement together on midwifery students. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery, 4(2), 20-28. [Persian]
Ashoori, J. (2014). Relationship between academic achievement and selfefficacy, Critical thinking, thinking styles and emotional intelligence in nursing students. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, 22(3), 15-23. [Persian]
Ashoori, J., & Babaeiamiri, N. (2015). The relationship between cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies, self-efficacy, creativity and emotional intelligence with academic achievement. Biquarterly Journal of Cognitive Strategies in Learning, 2(30), 111-127. [Persian]
Babayi Amiri, N., & Ashuri, J. (2015). The relationship between cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies, self-efficacy, creativity and emotional intelligence with academic achievement. Biquarterly Journal of Cognitive Strategies in Learning, 2(3), 111-127. [Persian]
Billings, C., Lomas, J., Downey, L., Stough, C. (2014). Emotional intelligence and academic achievement in preadolescent students from Australian schools. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 60, 520-531.
Carmeli, A. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 18, 788-795.
Chinipardaz, Z., Ghafourian Boroujerdni, M., Pasalar, P., Shiravy khozany, A., & Keshavarz, A. (2012). Investigation of Emotional Intelligence and Its Relationship with Academic Achievement in Medical Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2008-2009. Strides Dev Med Educ, 8(2), 167-172. [Persian]
Ciarrochi, J., Deane, F.P., Anderson, S. (2002). Emotional intelligence moderates the relationship between stress & mental health. Personality & Individual Differences, 32(2), 197-209.
Cohen, J. (1998). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Dacre Pool, L., & Qualter, P. (2012). Improving emotional intelligence and emotional self-efficacy through a teaching intervention for university students. Learning and Individual Differences, 22(3), 306-312.
Danesh, E., Kakavand, A., & Modir Roosta, F. (2008). The Effect of Emotional Intelligence and General Health on Academic Achievement. Youth Studies, 1(12), 77-90. [Persian]
Dehshiri, GH. (2006). the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement in Students. New Research and Consulting, 5(18), 97-108. [Persian]
Dolev, N., & Leshem, S. H. (2016). Teachers’ emotional intelligence: The impact of training. International. Journal of Emotional Education, 8(1), 75-94.
Farmahini Farahani, M., Rashidi, Z., & Abdolmaleki, J. (2008). An Investigation of the Effect of Emotional Intelligence, Self- Regulation Learning and Classroom Goal Orientation on Educational Progress of the Male Students of the First Year of High School in Qorve. TLR, 1(30), 85-98. [Persian]
Gall, M., Borg, W., & Gall, J. (1989). Quantitative and qualitative research methods in pedagogy and psychology, (translator Ahmad Reza Nasr et
al). Tehran: Samt. [Persian]
Ganji, M., Zahed-Babelan, A., & Moeinikia, M. (2012). Meta-analysis of Studies Carried out Regarding the Role of Teaching Models in Student, s Academic Achievment. Journal of School Psychology, 1(1), 93-107. [Persian]
Gary, R. L. (2004). Emotional Intelligence Effectively Bridging the Gap between High School and College. Texas: Association of Secondary School Principals (TASSP) for publication in the TEXAS STUDY magazine for secondary education.
Ghaderi, M., Aeine Heidari, A., Pachang, M., & Avadarvishi, S. (2014). Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement of Students in Jiroft Universities in 2013. Educational Development of Jundishapur, 5(2), 137-147. [Persian]
Gholamali Lavasani, M., Eje, J., & Afshari, M. (2009). The Relationship between Academic Self Efficacy & Academic Engagement with Academic Achievement. Journal of Psychology, 13, 289-305. [Persian]
Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.
Golestan Jahromi, F., Puor Shahriyari, M., & Asghar Neghad Farid, A. (2007). The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in gifted and normal students. Journal of Educational Psychology Studies, 5(1), 79-98.
Hadadi Koohsar, A., Roshan, R., & Asghar Nezhad, A. A. (2007). A Comparison of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health and Academic Achievement in Students are witnesses and non-witnesses of university of Tehran. Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 37(1), 73-97. [Persian]
Hasan Tehrani, T., Karami Kabir, N., Cheraghi, F., Bokaeeyan, M., & Yaghubi, Y. (2012). The relationship between emotional intelligence, Mental Health and academic achievement in neyshabour nursing students. Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, 20(3), 35-45. [Persian]
Hein, S. (2004). Short definition of emotional intelligence, Emotional Intelligence. Retrieved from https://eqi.org/eidefs.htm.
Hejazi, M., & Sobhi, A. (2011). Emotional intelligence, social skills, self-esteem, educational achievement in gifted and regular students. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 3(10), 41-55. [Persian]
Higgins, J. P. T., Thompson, S. G., Deeks, J. J., Altman. D. G. (2003). Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. British Medical Journal BMJ, 327, 557–91.
Homai, R., Heydari, A., Bakhtiarpur, S., & Borna, M. (2009). The Relationship between Achievement Motivation, Cognitive Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Academic Background and Demographic Variables with Academic Performance of Students. New Findings in Psychology (Social Psychology), 4(12), 49-63. [Persian]
Hosseyninasab, SD., & Rahimzadeh, Ch. (2008). The relationship between emotional intelligence and high school third grader science student’s academic achievement in saghez. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation 1(2), 69-94. [Persian]
Izadi Yazdan Abadi, A., Abolghasemi, M., Mirali Rostami, O. (2011). The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement among students of A Military University. Journal of Military Psychology, 2(5), 17-27. [Persian]
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2002). Cooperative Methods: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Research in Education, 12(1), 4-24.
Kakavand, A., & kiani, Q. (2013). The Effectiveness of emotional intelligence training on academic achievement in girl adolescences students in Zanjan. Journal of Psychological Studies, 9(2), 153-171. [Persian]
Keshavarz, N., Amini, M., Mani, A., Nabeiei, P., Safari, Z., & Morad Jafari, M. A. (2014). Study on the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Media, 50(3), 70-77. [Persian]
Keshavarzi Arshadi, F. (2009). The Effect of Identity Style and Emotional Intelligence on Prediction of Achievement Motivation and Academic Performance of MA Students. Andisheh va Raftar, 4(13), 43-56.
Khaliliazar, H. (2007). Comparison Emotional Intelligence between Normal and Gifted Students and its Relation Ship with Academic Achievement. Research in Curriculum Planning, 1(14), 107-124. [Persian]
Laliphaz, A., & Askari, A. (2009). The Power of Emotional Intelligence and Demographics for Prediction of Academic Achievement in Gifted Students. Educational Studies and Psychology, 33, 167-182. [Persian]
Livarjani, SH., & Ghaffari, S. (2010). The Investigation of relationship between emotional intelligence and Social Skills with the educational progress of the second- grade light school Students in Tabriz 2009-2010. Educational Science, 3(9), 71-88. [Persian]
Mayer, B., & Fletcher, T. (2007). Emotional Intelligence: A theoretical overview and Implications for research and professional practice in sport psychology. Apply Sport Psychology, 2(19), 115.
Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. R., & Salovey, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27(4): 267-293.
Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2001). Models of emotional intelligence. In R.J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of intelligence (396-420). Cambridge, England: Cambridge university press.
Mcphail, K. (2004). An Emotional of the state of accounting education: developing accounting students, Emotional intelligence. Critical Perceptions on Accounting, 15, 629-648.
Mesr Abadi, J. (2016). Meta-analysis: concepts, software and reporting. Tabriz: Shahid Madani University. [Persian]
Moore, H. B. (2005). Effects of emotional intelligence training on incarcerated adult males involved in pre-release programming adult males involved in pre-release programming. )Dissertation Abstracts International(. Duquesne University, Pittsburg.
Nasiri, M. (2014). Importance of Emotional Intelligence on Academic Achievement of Nursing Students: letter to editor. Strides in Development of Medical Education, 11(2), 286-288. [Persian]
Nikoogoftar, M. (2009). Emotional intelligence training, alexithymia, general health, academic achievement. Journal of School Iranian Psychologists, 5(19), 187-198. [Persian]
Noori, F., Jafari Mirshah, A., Saadatmand, Z. (2015). The Relationship between academic self-confidence academic achievements in physics lesson based on academic motivation. Research in Curriculum Planning, 12(9), 75-89. [Persian]
Parker, JD. A. Summerfeldt, L. J., Hogan, M. J., & Majeski, S. A. (2004). Emotional intelligence and academic success: Examine the transition from high school to university. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(1), 163-72.
Petrides, K. V., Frederickson, N., & Furnham, A. (2004). The role of trait emotional intelligence in academic performance and deviant behavior at school. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(2), 277-9.
Rahnama, A., & Abdolmaleki, J. (2009). Academic achievement as a function of emotional intelligence and creativity in shahed university. New Educational Thoughts, 5(2), 55-78. [Persian]
Rezaieyan, M. (2005). Descriptive glossary of Meta-analyzes. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 5(2), 143-145. [Persian]
Saklofske, D. H., Austin, E. J., Mastoras, S. M., Beaton, L., & Osborne, SH. E. (2012). Relationships of personality, affect, emotional intelligence and coping with student stress and academic success: Different patterns of association for stress and success. Journal of Learning and Individual Differences, 22(2), 251-257.
Samari, A. A., & Tahmasebi, F. (2007). The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in students. The Quarterly Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 9(35&36), 121-128. [Persian]
Sepehrian Azar, F. (2014). Surveying Relation of Emotional Intelli-gence, Coping Strategies against Stress, and General Intelligence with Pre-university Students’ Academic Achieve-ment. CPAP, 2(9), 23-32. [Persian]
Seyf, A. A. (2013). Educational Psychology (Psychology of Learning and Education). Tehran: Agah Publication. [Persian]
Shoarinezhad, A. A. (2013). Behavioral Sciences Culture Tehran: Amir
Kabir Publication. [Persian]
Sobhi Gharamaleki, N. (2012). The prediction of achievement motivation from students’ Emotional intelligence. Journal of School Psychology, 1(3), 49-62. [Persian]
Stratton, T. D., Saunders, J. A., & Elam, C. L. (2008). Changes in medical students' emotional intelligence: An exploratory study. Teaching Learning of Medicine, 20(3), 279-84.
Tamanayifar, M., Sedighi Arfayi, F., & Salami Mohammadabadi, F. (2010). Correlation between emotional intelligence, self-concept and self-esteem with academic achievement. Iranian Journal of Educational Strategies, 3(3), 121-126. [Persian]
Woitaszewski, S.A., Alsama, M.C. (2004). The contribution of emotional intelligence to social and academic success of gifted adolescence and measured by the multifactor emotional intelligence scale. Roper Rev, 27(1), 25-30.