عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the trend of school climate change in primary schools of Iran as well as other countries in region who participated in TIMSS 2003 and 2007 study. Samples, instruments and data used in this study are exactly the same as those were used in TIMSS 2003 and 2007. Using Trend Study, data from courtiers participated of the 2003 TIMSS study was compared to the data from the same courtiers in TIMSS 2007 study. From the Iranian school’s principals perspectives in both studies as well as fourth grade Iranian teachers in 2007 study, school climate in Iranian schools is more favorable than the other participated countries (except Dubai and Qatar). Based on the teachers’ perspective in 2003 study the average of school climate in Iranian schools was significantly less than the average in the other participated countries. Based on teachers and school principal’s perspective, the school climate in all participated countries improved from 2003 to 2007. From fourth grade students point of views in all participated courtiers in 2003 (except Armenia) and 2007 study (except Armenia, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Iran) the school climate in their schools was inappropriate.