عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
With the incidence of wars between Iran and Russia at Fath-Ali-Shah’s reign, and the frequent defeats of the Qajar’s army, the Iranian politicians, statesmen, and the elite. Had to face the questions concerning the causes of those defeats: tried hard to find answers to those qiestopms. Abbas Mirza and his wise Chancellor, Ghaem Magham, were concerned with the situation more than others. Their efforts led to the decision of sending students to the West. Upon the failure of that action the next Iranian Chancellor, Amir Kabir, decided to take new measures. After deliberating about the causes of the defeats and evaluatiny the short comings that brought about those defeays, he decided to establish Dar- Alfonoon (a polytechnic college) in ehran. This was intended to replace the act of sending students to the West for studey. Amir had come to the conclusion that, compared to Europe, the reason for the failure and backwardness of Iran were due to the weakness of Iran in the field of military industry and other crafts.