شناخت ترجیح بصری کودکان جهت ارتقاء خلاقیت با استفاده از روش کارت سورتینگ

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد صفادشت، تهران، ایران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد صفادشت، تهران، ایران.

10.22055/edus.2019.29640.2814

چکیده

این مقاله با هدف شناخت ترجیح بصری کودکان جهت ارتقاء خلاقیت با استفاده از روش کارت سورتینگ انجام گردیده است. برای نیل به این مقصود، از رویکرد کیفی و روش تحلیل محتوایی و جهت تجزیه، تحلیل و آنالیز اطلاعات از نرم افزار Optimal Sort استفاده شد. جامعه پژوهش، کودکان سنین ۴ تا ۱۰ سال بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری غیرتصادفی هدفمند و براساس پژوهش‌های تولیس و وود (2004)، در مجموع ۳۰ نفر از آن‌ها به عنوان مشارکت‌کنندگان در پژوهش انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل مصاحبه و آزمون مرتب‌سازی کارت‌ باز بود. نتایج یافته‌های تحقیق، حاکی از آن است که که محیط‌های طبیعی با داشتن ویژگی‌های ساختاری چون ایجاد کنجکاوی و حس اکتشاف، تعامل و انعطاف‌پذیری، انسجام و در عین حال پیچیدگی و رمز و راز که بر روان و ذهن کودک موثر است می‌توانند بستر مناسبی را در جهت بهبود خلاقیت و ارتقاء حوزه‌های یادگیری کودک (شناختی، عاطفی، حرکتی) فراهم آورند. همچنین ارزیابی‌های متعدد و کیفی، بیان میکنند که با درگیر کردن فضاهای آموزشی با طبیعت و استفاده از ویژگی‌های محیطی، می‌توان خلاقیت و نوآوری در کودکان را بهبود بخشید و با استفاده از این ویژگی‌ها می‌توان راهکارهایی را به‌عنوان الگو در طراحی محیط‌های ساخته‌شده کودکان در جهت پرورش خلاقیت آن‌ها ارائه داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Recognition of Children's Visual Preferences to Promote Creativity Using Card Sorting Technique

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ghomeishi 1
  • Mahrouz Sadati 2
1 Islamic Azad University. Safadasht Branch.Tehran, Iran
2 Islamic Azad University, safadasht Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
The beginning of cultivating of many human abilities is in childhood; so is the beginning of developing the power of creativity and innovation is period. Studies on the behavior of children indicate that open spaces and gardens can play a significant role in the health and development of children. However, the architectural designs are unique and vague, and the truth is that our children's learning spaces are more likely to undermine their creativity. This study aims to review the necessity of nature in promoting the creativity of the child and the characteristics of these environments that enhance the creativity and innovation of children. The aim of this research is to identify the visual preferences of children in order to boost their creativity using card sorting technique and to review the necessity of nature in promoting the creativity of the child and the characteristics of these environments that promote the creativity and innovation of children. The main objective of this study is to find ways to improve the creativity and innovation of children through the accommodation of educational spaces with nature and the use of environmental features in the design.

Method
To fulfill the study’s aim, a qualitative content analysis method was utilized and the Optima Sort software was used to assess and analyze the information. The statistical research population of this study were children aged 4 to 10 who were picked using the purposeful non-random sampling method based on the researches carried out by Tullis and Wood (2004). A total of 30 children were finally selected as the participants of the research. The tools for research were interview and an open card sorting technique.

Results
The results of the study demonstrate that natural environments – due to their structural characteristics which help create a sense of curiosity and a will to discover, interaction and flexibility, coherency whilst being complex and mysterious allot which affect a child’s mind – may provide a suitable base on the way of boosting creativity and promoting the various aspects (cognitive, emotional and motion) of a child’s learning. Also, numerous and qualitative assessments suggest that by accommodating learning spaces with nature and utilizing environmental characteristics, we can improve and boost children’s creativity and innovation levels. By using these characteristics, various suggestions and solutions may be introduced as design examples for building spaces in way of promoting children’s creativity.

Discussion
Since designing the environments and spaces for developing and flourishing of the children's talents is a new subject, it has received no attention in the design of the environments and spaces built for children in Iran. Therefore, it is suggested that effective solutions be sought regarding the educational spaces designs. It is hoped that the solutions proposed in the present paper maybe heeded by the authorities concerned.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Children Perception
  • creativity
  • Cognitive Properties
  • User Participation
  • Design Solutions

Azemati, H. R. (2007). Urban park design principles based on children's creativity promotion, PhD thesis. Tehran, University of Science and Technology. [Persian]

Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1989). The Experience of Natural. New York, Cambridge.

Krippner, S. (1999). Dreams and Creativity, Encyclopedia of Creativity. I, San Diego.

Mamykina, L., Candy, L., & Edmonds, E. (2002), Collaborative Creativity. Communication of the ACM.

Maxwell, L. E. (2003). Home and school density effects on elementary school children: the role of spatial density, Environment and Behavior, 35(4), 566- 578.

Mehralizadeh, Y., Safaeimoghadam, M., Salehiomran, E., & Alam, M. R. (2013). Theoretical and scientific foundations of research (quantitative, qualitative and mixed) in the humanities, Shahid Chamran university of Ahvaz publisher, First Printing. [Persian]

Nielsen, J. (2004). Card Sorting: How many users to test. Online resource: http://www.useit.com/alertbox/20040719.html. Accessed on September 2, 2010.

Piaget, J. (1988). Time and Mental Development of Children, translate by Karimi, second edition. Tehran. 14 (54), 26 – 65. [Persian]

Riahi, G. H. (1991). The mystery of the world of the child. Tehran, Eshraghee Publishing House, First Printing, Page 54. [Persian]

Salmoni, A. (2012). Open card sort analysis 101. UX Booth.

Spencer, D. (2009). Card sortıng: desıgnıng usable categorıes, Goals and Exploratory Analysis.

Thompson, G. F. & Steiner, F. R. (1997). Ecological Design and Planning. John Wiley & Sons. New York.

Trevlas, E., Matsouka, O., & Zachopoulou, E. (2003). Relationship between playfulness and motor creativity in preschool children, routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group, Early Child Development and Care , 173 (5).

Tullis, Tom., & Wood, Larry. (2004). How many users are enough for a card-sorting study? Usability Professionals Association (UPA) 200 conference, Minneapolis, June 7-11.

Valizadeh, L., Rahimian, H., Abbaspour, A., Khorsandi Taaskouh, A., & Ahghar, Gh. (2019). Identifying the competencies of nursery school administrators. Journal of Educational Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. 26(2): 51-70. [Persian]