بررسی تحلیلی چهار بعد میانجیگری فناورانه «آموزش معکوس» در رویکرد پساپدیدارشناسی

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه تعلیم و تربیت ،دانشگاه خوارزمی،تهران،ایران

2 دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشگاه خوارزمی،تهران ، ایران.

4 دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران ، ایران

10.22055/edus.2019.29589.2811

چکیده

میانجیگری فناورانه در مرکز تفکر پساپدیدارشناسی واقع است. دون آیدی به چهار رابطه انسان و جهان – تجسم، هرمنوتیک، تغیر، پس زمینه- که از طریق اثرات واسطه ای خاص رابطه انسان و جهان را شکل و تغییر می دهد، اشاره می کند. وی دو ویژگی خاص بزرگنمایی و تقلیل در کاربرد هر گونه فناوری را ذکر کرده و معتقد است که کاربرد هر فناوری در عین اینکه باعث افزایش در یک زمینه زندگی انسان می شود، یک جنبه از زندگی انسان را کاهش می دهد. این ساختار افزایشی-کاهشی، یک دو بعدی است که نشان می دهد چگونه واسطه گری فناورانه، انسان و جهان را شکل می دهد. در این مقاله با روش پساپدیدارشناسی درباره شناسایی و تبیین افزایش ها و کاهش ها در ابعاد مختلف میانجیگری فناورانه در رابطه انسان و جهان در کلاس معکوس بحث می شود. نتایج تحقیق بیان کننده افزایش ها و کاهش هایی در چهار بعد در آموزش معکوس است؛ آموزشی که توانسته نقص های آموزش سنتی و آموزش الکترونیکی را تا حد زیادی مرتفع کند و بسیاری از مسایل مبتلا به نظام تربیتی موجود را رفع نماید. در نهایت باید اشاره کرد که دستیابی به افزایش ها و کاهش های آموزش معکوس در ابعاد چهارگانه پیش گفته، به ما کمک می کند تا درک روشنی از برآورد خود از کلاس معکوس در سطح اجتماعی و شخصی بدست آوریم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analytical Investigating The Four Dimensions Of Technological Mediation of Flipped Learning in Postphenomenology approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akram Shooshtari 1
  • Saeed Zarghami Hamrah 2
  • Yahya Ghaedi 3
  • Mohammad Attaran 4
1 Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Kharazmi University , Tehran, Iran.
4 Kharazmi University , Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction
At the center of postphenomenological thinking is the technological intermediary. Don Ihde’s typology of human-world relationships-embodiment, hermeneutic, alterity, and background—provides a methodology dealing with how technologies shape and reshape both “humans” and “world” through specific intermediary effects. He mentions two specific features of magnification and reduction in the application of any technology, and believes that the application of any technology while enhancing the aspect of human life, reduces another aspect. The magnification-reduction structure is a two-sidedness that It can be seen in various dimensions, and there is no mere empirical fact about technological intermediary. Empirical fact of technological intermediary, the two-sidedness of technological intermediary expresses how technological intermediaries shape both “world” and “human”. In this study, various aspects of incremental reduction of flipped classroom are being examined in four different dimensions of technological intermediary and technological formation of our world life. By addressing the various dimensions of technological intermediation, we can examine the different aspects of our world life .Here, by addressing the increases and decreases in flipped classroom in various dimensions, we seek to find out if the reverse flipped pattern, as a model of the combination of traditional technology and education, is an appropriate model for solving problems with the educational system? In other words, does the flipped learning pattern solve problems and shortcomings of the existing educational system? In this paper, the post-phenomenology approach is used to identify and explain the increases and reductions in the various dimensions of technological intermediary in the relationship between human and the world in flipped learning. The method in this research Post-phenomenology. It is a branch of phenomenology that, by combining phenomenology and pragmatism, explores the human-technology relations. Finally, it should be noted that the achievement of the reverse education increases and reductions in the four dimensions above helps us to get a clear understanding of our estimate of the flipped learning at the social and personal level.
Method
The method of this research is Post-phenomenology. It is a branch of phenomenology that, by combining phenomenology and pragmatism, explores the human-technology relations.
Results
The results of the research indicate that reverse education, with increases and decreases in four ontological, epistemological, practical and ethical dimensions, has dramatically improved the problems and deficiencies of traditional education and e-learning, and is a useful model for solving many problems in any educational system.
Keywords: Dimension of technological mediation, Ihdi, Postphenomenology, Magnification, reduction Structure, Flipped learning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dimension of technological mediation
  • Don Ihdi
  • Postphenomenolog
  • Magnification reduction Structure
  • Flipped learning
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