طراحی و اعتباریابی مدل مفهومی ارزشیابی صلاحیت‌های حرفۀ معلمی در ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 سازمان سنجش آموزش کشور

2 هیئت علمی گروه برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 هیئت علمی گروه برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه فرهنگیان

4 هیئت علمی سازمان مرکزی دانشگاه پیام نور

10.22055/edus.2019.29678.2818

چکیده

آموزش و پرورش با کیفیت، بستگی زیادی به وجود معلمانی متعهد و متخصص دارد. مهمترین راه اطمینان از وجود شایستگی‌های معلمی، وجود نظام ارزشیابی آنان است. هدف این مقاله ارائه‌ی مدل مفهومی ارزشیابی صلاحیت‌های حرفه معلمی در ایران است. برای دستیابی به مؤلفه‌های طراحی این مدل، نظرات صاحب‌نظران در خصوص ارزشیابی صلاحیت‌های حرفه معلمی، از بررسی نود منبع معتبر ملی و بین‌المللی و مصاحبه با 25 معلم خبره و 20 متخصص حوزه‌ی ارزشیابی آموزشی و تربیت معلم، جمع‌آوری شد. روش این پژوهشِ کیفی، شیوه‌ی استقرایی تحلیل محتوا است. مقولات استخراج شده، نشان داد مؤلفه‌های ارزشیابی از صلاحیت‌های حرفه معلمی، شامل شش مؤلفه‌ی اصلی، و بیست و شش زیرمؤلفه، مشتمل بر شصت و سه مفهوم کلی، و دویست و شصت و سه مفهوم خرد است. بر بنیاد دستاوردهای حاصل، مدل مورد نظر طراحی و توسط خبرگان اعتباریابی شد. این مدل دارای چهار وجه و یک مرکز ثقل بنیادین است؛ چهار وجه آن، مبانی فکری (کف خانه)، برنامه‌ی راهبردی (دیوار راست خانه)، برنامه‌ی نظام‌مند اجرا (دیوار چپ خانه)، نتایج قابل دستیابی ارزشیابی (سقف خانه) و مرکز ثقل آن، فرهنگ ارزشیابی (داخل خانه) است. این مدل را می‎توان مدل شبه‌خانه‎ای ارزشیابی صلاحیت‌های حرفه‌ی معلمی نامید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing and Validating a Conceptual Model for the Evaluation of Teachers' Professional Competencies in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdieh Sadat Vaghoor Kashani 1
  • Gholam Reza Haji Hossein Nejad 2
  • Nematollah Moosapour 3
  • Issa Ebrahim Zadeh 4
1 National Organization Educational Testing
2 Faculty Member of Kharazmi University
3 Faculty Member of Farhangian University
4 Faculty Member of Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Quality education depends heavily on committed, learned, and expert teachers. The most important way to ascertain the existence of teachers' competencies is to develop a system for evaluating them. The purpose of this research was to design and validate a conceptual model for evaluating the competencies of teachers' performance in Iran. In this research, scientific, practical, and applied views on designing a conceptual model for evaluating the professional qualifications of the teachers were collected from books, articles and scientific researches out of ninety nationally and internationally accredited textual resources, as well as through interviews with 25 expert teachers from three different education areas and 20 experts in the field of teacher evaluation and teacher training.

Method
The method used in this qualitative research was the inductive method of content analysis.

Results
The issues extracted from the opinions of the experts showed that the components of evaluation of the professional qualifications of teachers include six main components, twenty-six sub-components comprising sixty-three concepts and two hundred sixty-three minor concepts. The six main components include intellectual principles, strategic planning, evaluation indicators, systematic implementation plan, expected and achievable results and evaluation complexities of professional qualifications. Based on known components, the desired model was designed and then validated by experts.

Discussion
The final model for the evaluation of professional qualifications consists of four facets and a fundamental center of gravity. The four aspects of this evaluation model include the rational basis of evaluation (home floor), the evaluation strategy (the right wall of the home), the systematic appraisal program (the left wall of the home), and the expected and achievable results of the evaluation (home roof), and its center of gravity is the evaluation culture (heart or interior of the home). This model can be called a "home-like model for evaluating professional competencies of teachers". According to the proposed model, the evaluation culture involves many complexities indicated by the fact that the evaluation of the competencies of the teacher's profession, at each stage, is influenced by the dominant complex culture. On the other hand the evaluation strategy and the systematic appraisal program both are influenced by the rational basis of evaluation and also they are influenced by the evaluation culture. Overall the more strategic and implementable the plans are, the more realistic and clear expected outcomes will be. This, it is believed, will result in the teachers improving their professional expertise and the strengthening the culture of accountability and evaluation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Teacher Professional Competencies
  • Teachers Evaluation
  • conceptual model

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