شناسایی شایستگیهای مدیران مهدهای کودک

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت آموزشی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 استادیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

4 دانشیار پژوهشکده تعلیم و تربیت

10.22055/edus.2019.28569.2754

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، شناسایی شایستگی های مدیران مهدهای کودک است. امروزه آموزش و پرورش کودکان پیش از دبستان دارای ضرورت و حساسیت می‌باشد؛ لیکن کار با کودکان، والدین و مربیان نیاز به مدیریت علمی دارد و تجهیز مدیران به دانش حوزه کودک و مدیریت، نوعی سرمایه گذاری است و بهره گیری از اندیشه‌های علمی و کاربردی به اثربخشی در این سطح می‌انجامد. روش جامعه مورد مطالعه و منابع جمع‌آوری داده‌ها شامل دو بخش بود: ۱. پایگاه های داده‌ها و مجلات بین المللی، اسناد و قوانین کشورها در زمینه مدیریت مراکز نگهداری و آموزش کودکان ۲. خبرگانی که دارای دانش و اطلاعات در زمینه این تحقیق هستند که از دیدگاه‌های آنان برای استخراج مؤلفه‌ها ‌و مفاهیم استفاده شد. در فرآیند پژوهش، ابتدا اطلاعات مورد نیاز برای استخراج مؤلفه‌های ‌شایستگی‌های مدیران مهدهای کودک، پیشینه پژوهش، اسناد و قوانین کشورها و پژوهش‌های بین‌المللی مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. سپس برای تکمیل کدهای استخراج شده، با استفاده از روش دلفی در سه مرحله با توافق خبرگان، مؤلفه‌ها ‌و زیرمولفه‌های شایستگی‌های مدیران مهدهای کودک شناسایی شدند. همچنین شناسایی خبرگان برای مشارکت در روش دلفی با روش هدفمند و گلوله برفی از مدیران مهدهای کودک، کارشناسان امور مهدهای کودک و اساتید صورت پذیرفت و با تجمیع نظرات مشابه و متفاوت از دیدگاههای آنان، مجموعه‌ای منسجم از شایستگیهای مدیران مهدهای کودک استخراج و تدوین شد. نتایج پس از تطبیق کدها و توافق خبرگان، 43 زیر مولفه و 4 مولفه اصلی برای شایستگی‌های مدیران مهدهای کودک شامل موارد زیر استخراج شد: دانش، ویژگی های شخصیتی، توانایی و مهارت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the competencies of nursery school administrators

نویسندگان [English]

  • leila valizadeh 1
  • hamid rahimian 2
  • abbas abbaspour 2
  • Ali Khorsandi Taaskouh 3
  • ghodsi ahghar 4
1 PhD in Educational Management from Allameh Tabatabai University
2  Associate Professor of Allame Tabatabaee University, Iran.
3 Professor, Allameh Tabatabaei University
4 Associate Professor of Education Institute
چکیده [English]

Title: Identifying the competencies of nursery school administrators
Introduction:

Introduction:
The purpose of this research was to identify and analyze the competences of the managers of child care centers. In recent years,childhood and its significance have been addressed by scientists from all fields of science and have shown the impact of care quality and education of early childhood in all aspects of the individual and social life; this has led to the policymakers paying special attention to childhood. One of these policies is to select and train effective managers in line with the objectives of academic education, government policies and the social environment governing the care and education of children, Too this endeavor may also meet the needs of families and society. However staff of child care centers need training in modern management which requires that managers should have the required knowledge and skills needed for the successful management of child care.
Method:
This research was conducted with a qualitative approach and Delphi method. The statistical society consisted of two parts: (1). International databases and magazines, national laws and regulations on the management of child care and education centers. (2). Professors and experts who have knowledge and information in this field were contacted, and their ideas were used to extract the components and concepts. First, the information needed to extract the components and competency components of the managers of child care and education centers was studied using theoretical literature and international research, bearing an the subject. Subsequently, In order to complement the extracted codes, by invoking the experts help components and subcomponent of the child-centers managers, componences were pinned down using Delphi method in three stages. the components and codes of competencies of the managers of child care and education centers were extracted from related documents and related texts. After three steps of the Delphi method and reconnection to the experts, the components and codes were recognized and approved.
Results:
Finally 43 subcomponents and four main components were extracted. the foure main components regarding the competencies of child care centers managers were: knowledge, personality tracts, personal abilities and skills.Kindergarten administrators, as responsible for all internal affairs of kindergarten, should have special, human and moral measures for caring and development of all children. Activities that go even beyond the home of kindergarten. In order to achieve this level of education in the field of daycare, it is essential to gain the skills, personality, knowledge and ability of the managers of these centers.
Key words: competence, nursery school, manager, child

This research was conducted at the expense of the researcher and no financial support was received. Also in this article there is no conflict of interest and it is taken from the phd dissertation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • competence
  • nursery school
  • manager
  • child

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