عنوان مقاله [English]
The compilation and operation of strategic programs depend upon strategic thinking and The absence of strategic thinking is among the basic deficits in most organizations which can weaken the possibility of discovering new opportunities. This study aims at doing a systematic research and presenting a meta-synthesis of theoretical patterns and researches, already performed.
The research is methodologically qualitative and synthetic in type and its content is analyzed according to the meta-synthesis performed in this study subscribing to its practical aim.
The result of analyzing the inductive content and the combination of categories and results of analysis and combinations is the extraction of a conceptual framework in the field of strategic thinking studies in the form of 56 concepts and 12 components around three levels, individual, group, and organizational. The results point to the relationship between managers' strategic thinking and the success rate of organizations, and the integration of strategic thinking in the organization creates vital capabilities that form the basis of a sustainable competitive advantage and, accordingly, a strategic thinking model was designed.
In this research, by studying the researches, the effective variables of strategic thinking were identified, codified and classified and theoretical grounds, main categories and themes were extracted and the conceptual model of strategic thinking was developed. Although it could be seen that the intuitive and systemic dimensions were separate, with more emphasis on studies, these dimensions were subdivided into the next dimension of the individual. On the other hand, in order to understand strategic thinking in an organizational environment, one has to look beyond the subjects such as the context of the group and its impact on the ability to think strategically and ultimately to provide a framework for strategic thinking, we combine the micro-focus of the individuals and groups with a macro-focus of the organization.
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