نقدی تبارشناسانه بر مفهوم دانش آموز نخبه در آموزش و پرورش معاصر ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی رشته فلسفه تعلیم وتربیت-خوارزمی تهران.معاون آموزشی دانشگاه فرهنگیان.اردبیل

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 دانشیار دانشگاه

4 استاد یار دانشگاه

چکیده

بر اساس مفروضه های ساخت شکنانه تبارشناسی، تحول مفاهیم نه تنها حاصل پیشرفت علم و دانش در حوزه های معرفت بشری همچون روان شناسی و علوم اجتماعی نیست بلکه بیانگر آن است که چنین تحولی حاصل حوادث تاریخی و وقایع خردی است که در میانه این تحول رخ داده است. بر مبنای چنین پیش فرضی مساله اصلی این پژوهش تبیین حوادث، تحولات و فرایندهای شکل دهنده به مفهوم دانش آموز نخبه و ساختار شکنی از این مفهوم در راستای تبیین امکان های حاشیه رانده شده در زندگی دانش آموزان در نظام آموزشی ایران معاصر است . بر اساس مطالعه تاریخ تربیت نخبگی در ایران به روش نقد تبارشناسانه نتایج حاصل بیانگر آن بود که مهم ترین صورتبندی های گفتمانی در این دوران، طرح سمپاد و طرح شهاب در تاریخ تربیت نخبگی در ایران معاصر است .. در این میان مهم ترین این عوامل، شکست ساختار هوش در دانش و ورود مفاهیم اجتماعی به تربیت نخبگی است به طوریکه به راحتی می توان تنوع در عرصه های اجتماعی و شمول ابعاد مختلف تیز هوشی را در صورت بندی اخیر از آن یعنی طرح شهاب مشاهده نمود. اما آنچه از نظر تبار شناسی دارای اهمیت است تحلیل تبار بر حسب عوامل غیر گفتمانی است. از جمله مهم ترین این عوامل بر حسب مطالعه رویدادها و حوادث می توان به فرار مغزها تغییر مفاهیم اقتصادی ، نمای نا متناسب در پراکندگی جمعیتی آموزش های خاص تیز هوشان اشاره کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A genealogical criticism of the concept of Elite student in the contemporary educational system of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • shahdad abdollahikhanghah 1
  • Yahya Ghaedi 2
  • saeed zarghami 3
  • ramazan barkhordari 4
1 shahdad abdollahi PhD student Educational Philosophy of Kharazmi University.Tehran,Iran
2 Associate Prof. of Kharazmi University Department of philosophy of Education
3 Associate Prof. of Kharazmi University Department of philosophy of Education
4 Associate Prof. of Kharazmi University Department of philosophy of Education
چکیده [English]

Introduction
According to deconstructive genealogical hypotheses, the transformation of concepts is not only not the result of development of science in fields of knowledge such as psychology and social science, but also indicates that such an developments are the result of historical and common events occurring in the course of transformation. On the basis of this presupposition, the main aim of this study is to explain events, developments and processes that form the concept of elite student and deconstruct the concept in order to explain the marginalized possibilities in students’ life in educational system the contemporary of Iran.
 
Method
The method in this research is genealogy. In genealogy, the objective is to discern how a problem or a fact came about in history.
Results
Finally, in both Shahab and sampad plans, background factors and power relations play a role in the evolution of the concepts.
 
Discussion
That indicated the most important discursive formations in this period of time are Shahab and Sampad plans in the contemporary Iran. The first impression that the analysis of genealogy of an elite student gives us is the macro layers that fill the gaps between two formations. The most important factor is the deconstruction of “intelligence” and addition of the sociological concepts to elite students’ training. To this effect a diversity can be noted in social arenas and different dimensions of giftedness in its current formation i.e. Shahab plan. Although more important matter in accordance to genealogy is the analysis of genealogy based matters on non-discursive factors, which indicates that the revolution is not only not the result of development of science in fields of knowledge such as psychology and social science, but also indicates that such an improvement is the result of historical and common events which have occurred in the middle of the path of improvement. Some significant and obvious events which can be mentioned here are brain drain, economic crisis in Iran, change of economic concepts, the inappropriate population density of special instructions for elite students and the reduction of the population of students.
 
Key words: Elite students, genealogy, the contemporary educational system of Iran, non-discursive factors, discursive formation

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Elite students
  • genealogy
  • the contemporary educational system of Iran
  • non-discursive factors
  • discursive formation

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