عنوان مقاله [English]
The present paper aims to investigate the
differences and similarities of the PhD
admissions systems in Iran and the leading universities in terms of objectives,
desired qualities as well as entry requirements. In doing so,
descriptive-comparative method was applied. Consulting with the Shanghai
Ranking, the graduate admissions systems of the top three universities, i.e.
Harvard University, Stanford University, and the University of Cambridge along
with the Iranian PhD admission system were examined. To gather data,
documentations and universities’ websites were examined. In addition, we
corresponded with the graduate admission office of each university. Beredy’s
method or framework was used to analyze data. Findings show: All graduate
admissions systems look for highly qualified applicants. Additionally, the Iranian
PhD system pursues other objectives as well. With regard to desired qualities,
all graduate admissions systems look for a wide range of academic and
non-academic qualities in the applicants. The Iranian PhD admissions system,
however, seems to take less account of non-cognitive qualities. With regard to
entry requirements, all graduate admissions systems utilize a variety of
measurements to screen out applicants, but the entry requirements used in the
Iranian PhD admissions system are flawed in terms of reliability, validity and
relevance. Finally, some implications are offered.
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